- Project No 2019
- Project Name Treating wastewater for potable reuse: removal of chemicals of concern using advanced oxidation processes
- Lead Organisation Water Corporation
- Research Lead Curtin University
- Main Researcher Kathryn Linge
- Completion Year 2015
Recycling wastewater by using reverse osmosis (RO) and ultrafiltration appears to be associated with the formation of some groups of micropollutants but there is not much information about these processes. This research selected iodinated disinfection by-products (DBPs) and N-nitrosamines (NDMA), and benzotriazoles and benzothiazoles, which are compounds in dishwasher detergents, for further investigation. It was concluded that minimising the formation of dichloramine (a precursor molecule to NDMA formation) by reducing pH and maximising activated sludge ammonia production, reduced the formation of N-nitrosamines in RO-treated wastewater. Iodinated DBPs and benzotriazoles were detected in RO treated wastewater in this study but at lower concentrations than those thought to pose a risk to human health.