Project Number # 2060
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Background and Relevance
WaterRA is leading an innovative, and collaborative Australia-wide investigation that aims to integrate reliable results of sewage testing for the SARS-CoV-2 virus with health data for COVID-19 on a national basis.
WaterRA has long been at the forefront of research supporting Public Health and Wastewater-Based Epidemiology (WBE), used to help inform broader infectious disease surveillance and mitigation efforts, such as the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. More recently, global projects have been developed to explore using sewage for continuous monitoring of chemicals and pathogens of emerging concern, drugs, and anti-microbial resistance (AMR).
The ColoSSoS Project – Collaboration on Sewage Surveillance of SARS-COV-2 — will track and monitor the presence of the virus that causes COVID-19 and its persistence in the Australian sewerage network, thus providing information on where it is present in the population.
Sewage monitoring has been successfully used for some years to monitor pathogen presence, persistence and occurrence patterns across Australia and internationally. Similar studies of chemical substance have also been undertaken. The information on pathogens is used to inform the assessment of risks from exposure to sewage by sewer workers and plumbers, to inform treatment requirements for sewage to be recycled and to assess public health risks from discharges to the environments. In addition, the information it used to assist tracking of disease patterns in the community, to help follow epidemic patterns and identify regional hotspots.
The evidence is particularly useful in that the testing is non-invasive and doesn’t require patient sampling and it is able to be carried out systematically in a statistically sound manner over time. However, to date, the analyses have been undertaken with established enteric viruses, and not the COVID-19 virus.
ColoSSoS Project Phases
Phase 1 | Inititation Phase 2 | Method Development Phase 3 | Investigation into Phase 4 | Continuous improvement
possibility of routine surveillance Early warning potential, ongoing R&D
ColoSSoS Project Aims
Water Research Australia talks LIVE on ABC News about ColoSSoS and Sewage surveillance
FAQs and Fact Sheet on Sewage Surveillance has been developed